Grass varieties are abundant for lawns available nowadays, and because the grass is such an expensive living product, choosing a grass variety for your new lawn can sometimes be nerve-wracking! The best thing that you can really do prior to buying a new lawn grass is to educate yourself and gather all your knowledge on the various kinds of grasses available and the various kinds of sod on the market.
Grass can be Classified into Two Main Categories
Grass can be classified into two main categories, which are annual and perennial. Perennial grasses, such as rye, St. Augustine, Bermuda and Canterbury brown can survive the winter and grow back in the spring, provided that they’re fertilized with a nitrogen-fixing grass fertilizer. An annual grass like rye will only grow back for one year and is not very hardy, and requires regular mowing. Perennial grasses, including bluegrass, zoysia, basswood, Bermuda and Sedum, are incredibly sturdy and can withstand frosts, freezing rain and hot summers.
Grass Varieties for Australia
Grass varieties that are especially suited to Australia, where the summers are extremely hot and humid, include Buffalo, Kikuyu, Couch, and Zoysia. These warm-season grasses are generally used in Sydney and other areas, especially swimming pools and golf courses, due to their tolerance to heat and humidity. These are the best grass varieties you can easily trust on. Bermuda and Carolina Bluegrass is particularly popular in Florida, although there are now hybrid varieties available that are more heat and drought tolerant.
St. Augustine Grasses
Two grass types with broad ecological communities are St. Augustine grass. St. Augustine grasses are typically found in sunny and warm climates and are moderately drought resistant. Because of this tolerance, it is found in a wide variety of settings from golf courses to residential lawns. St. Augustine grasses are susceptible to infestation by herbivores, so they need to be regularly inspected for brown patches. A simple application of fungicide is necessary.
Cool Type Grasses
Cool type grasses are less drought-resistant than St. Augustine grasses, but they are more heat and moisture resistant. They do, however, require mowing more often. They have become widely popular after the state adopted a sod-free approach to grass planting. Cool type grasses, which were originally from India, are now being grown in Australia due to their ease of growth and adaptability to climate. Hybrid cross-pollinated cool type grasses are also available. These grasses are good for areas that are prone to disease and have not yet been planted with annual grasses.
Turf grasses, native to Central and Western Europe, are considered ideal grass for warm-season lawns. Turfgrasses are good for landscaping and can tolerate high fertility levels. They are most attractive to homeowners in dry, sunny climates. Turfgrasses are typically sold in summer because it does not grow well in salt conditions. Turf grasses are a hybrid cross between annual rye and bluegrass.
Bluegrass is one of the most popular grass varieties used in Florida. It is an evergreen perennial that is extremely salt tolerant. Because of its shade-tolerant traits, bluegrass is used for landscaping both in the summer and the winter. The bluegrass lawn has a sod-like appearance with small blue-black lines separating the green grass blades from the underlying grass. Bluegrass does not grow well in cold weather.
To keep turf varieties looking their best, it is necessary to aerate lawns after being planted. Aerating helps to break down compacted sod and speeds up decomposition. Many sod producers recommend that homeowners begin seeding within three months of growing a lawn, using a light hand on the rake to loosen and aerate the soil.