Kenya election 2022: Charts that designate the nation

The winner of Kenya’s presidential election on 9 August will face a bunch of adverse political and financial points when he takes workplace. Right here, in charts, we clarify among the issues on the minds of voters as they solid their ballots.

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Chart showing food price changes

Chart displaying meals worth adjustments

The subsequent president could must give you a approach to assist individuals afford some important items.

Kenyans, like others around the globe, have been discovering that their cash will not be going so far as it used to in terms of shopping for the fundamentals.

In June, annual inflation was 7.9%, however the enhance within the worth of some key meals gadgets, together with maize flour and cooking oil, was a lot greater. To ease the issues the outgoing authorities of President Uhuru Kenyatta subsidised the price of maize flour in July, however it isn’t clear if this coverage shall be continued.

And with an ongoing drought affecting three million Kenyans, many are struggling to afford any meals in any respect.

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Chart showing rising debt

Chart displaying rising debt

The federal government has additionally been subsidising the value of petrol to maintain that extra inexpensive. However this coverage comes at a giant value – $141m (£120m) in July – doubtlessly including to the large debt the nation owes.

This has been skyrocketing below the presidency of Mr Kenyatta, and now quantities to some 68% of GDP. The federal government borrowed to pay for giant infrastructure initiatives just like the Chinese language-built railway linking the capital, Nairobi, to the coast.

Funding in infrastructure can help long-term financial development however the sums concerned are enormous – the railway value $3.2bn.

A considerable amount of the cash is owed to Chinese language banks. The federal government spends about half its income paying again the debt and the curiosity it has accrued.

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Bar chart showing the population

Bar chart displaying the inhabitants

Greater than three-quarters of Kenya’s inhabitants are below 35 and a giant chunk of these are of voting age.

Addressing the considerations of younger individuals could possibly be a big vote winner.

The shortage of formal employment is a giant challenge. Many between 18 and 35 don’t have any job in any respect regardless of having levels or different appropriate {qualifications}.

The massive variety of under-18s means that boosting funding in training must be a precedence.

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Chart showing the numbers going on to secondary education from primary

Chart displaying the numbers occurring to secondary training from main

In recent times, Kenya has been profitable in bettering efficiency in training.

The federal government launched free main college training in 2003, which led to many extra kids going to high school.

An growing proportion have gone on to secondary college, which, since 2008, has been subsidised.

However, one in 5 secondary pupils in Kenya don’t graduate.

Many dad and mom nonetheless favor to pay for his or her kids to go to what they see as better-quality, privately-run faculties.

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Chart showing ethnic groups

Chart displaying ethnic teams

One other key think about how individuals will vote is prone to be ethnicity.

It’s assumed that the 2 principal candidates, Raila Odinga (a Luo) and William Ruto (a Kalenjin), will get lots of the votes of their respective ethnic teams.

However that is the primary Kenyan election within the multiparty period the place not one of the front-runners are from the most important group, the Kikuyu.

Each principal candidates are conscious of the necessity to entice this key constituency and have chosen Kikuyu working mates.

The violence that adopted the 2007 election was pushed by ethnicity however 15 years on there may be an argument that it’s changing into much less important in figuring out how individuals vote.

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Chart showing Kenyan GDP and other countries

Chart displaying Kenyan GDP and different international locations

Kenya is a regional financial large and what occurs there impacts the remainder of East Africa.

In recent times it has misplaced floor to Ethiopia, however for those who take a look at the typical earnings per individual in Kenya then, at simply over $2,000 a yr, it’s greater than double its northern neighbour.

Nonetheless, this crude determine, estimated final yr, masks the large inequalities within the nation and will not embody the complete impression of the shutdowns launched in response to the Covid pandemic.

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Chart showing access to the internet and power

Chart displaying entry to the web and energy

Kenya’s regional dominance can be mirrored within the proportion of people that have entry to electrical energy and the web.

The figures nevertheless present that almost three out of each 10 Kenyans shouldn’t have energy and the massive majority shouldn’t have web entry.

Enhancing these indicators shall be a measure of success for whoever wins the presidency.

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Election branding

Election branding

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